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Awareness & Advocacy Programs

Native American Heritage Month

What started at the turn of the century as an effort to gain a day of recognition for the significant contributions the first Americans made to the establishment and growth of the U.S. has resulted in a whole month being designated for that purpose.

One of the very first proponents of an American Indian Day was Dr. Arthur C. Parker, a Seneca Indian, who was the director of the Museum of Arts and Science in Rochester, N.Y. He persuaded the Boy Scouts of America to set aside a day for the "First Americans" and for three years they adopted such a day. In 1915, the annual Congress of the American Indian Association meeting in Lawrence, Kans., formally approved a plan concerning American Indian Day. It directed its president, Rev. Sherman Coolidge, an Arapahoe, to call upon the country to observe such a day. Coolidge issued a proclamation on Sept. 28, 1915, which declared the second Saturday of each May as an American Indian Day and contained the first formal appeal for recognition of Indians as citizens.

The year before this proclamation was issued, Red Fox James, a Blackfoot Indian, rode horseback from state to state seeking approval for a day to honor Indians. On December 14, 1915, he presented the endorsements of 24 state governments at the White House. There is no record, however, of such a national day being proclaimed.

The first American Indian Day in a state was declared on the second Saturday in May 1916 by the governor of New York. Several states celebrate the fourth Friday in September. In Illinois, for example, legislators enacted such a day in 1919. Presently, several states have designated Columbus Day as Native American Day, but it continues to be a day we observe without any recognition as a national legal holiday.

In 1990 President George H. W. Bush approved a joint resolution designating November 1990 "National American Indian Heritage Month." Similar proclamations, under variants on the name (including "Native American Heritage Month" and "National American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month") have been issued each year since 1994.

Speaker Series

The Native American Cultural Center hosts a variety of speakers each quarter. Topics may range from freshman to graduate student to staff to alumni issues--but everyone is welcome!

For more information, visit the Recent News section.

John Milton Oskison Writing Competition

This annual competition is named for the first Native American graduate of Stanford University, former president of the Stanford Literary Society, editor at Collier's magazine and member of the Society of American Indians who wrote on American Indian issues. Four student papers (two undergraduate and two graduate) are spotlighted each year. The research topics vary across academic disciplines but contain a substantial emphasis on issues or subjects impacting the Native American Community.

Native American Research Forum

The annual Research Forum provided an opportunity for undergraduate and graduate students from Stanford and other local colleges and universities to present their research and discuss new currents in Native scholarship. Research topics varied widely and focused on issues of importance to tribes and American Indian, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian communities. Instead of an all day event, the forum was reshaped into a regular speaker series or a publication in 2003-04.